Kitilar From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. German linguist, translator, theologian, lyricist, professor and monk. Shibboleth authentication is only available to registered institutions. This file is in DjVua computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents.
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Our List of 2, Religious Subjects Nasze lista 2. They also include instructions for morning and evening prayers, grace at meals, and a "Table of Duties" made up of scriptural passages "selected for various estates and conditions of men, by which they may be admonished to do their respective duties.
Tappert TG, ed. The deplorable, miserable condition which I discovered lately when I, too, was a visitor, has forced and urged me to prepare [publish] this Catechism, or Christian doctrine, in this small, plain, simple form. Good God! The common people, especially in the villages, have no knowledge whatever of Christian doctrine, and, alas! Nevertheless, all maintain that they are Christians, have been baptized and receive the [common] holy Sacraments. O ye bishops! O wy, biskupi!
You have permitted men to err so shamefully; yours is the guilt; for you have ever done anything rather than what your office required you to do. Woe, woe, unto you forever! Biada, biada, wam na zawsze! For [I give this advice, however, because I know that] young and simple people must be taught by uniform, settled texts and forms, otherwise they easily become confused when the teacher to-day teaches them thus, and in a year some other way, as if he wished to make improvements, and thus all effort and labor [which has been expended in teaching] is lost.
Therefore we, too, should [imitate their diligence and be at pains to] teach the young and simple people these parts in such a way as not to change a syllable, or set them forth and repeat them one year differently than in another [no matter how often we teach the Catechism]. Hence, choose whatever form you please, and adhere to it forever. But when you preach in the presence of learned and intelligent men, you may exhibit your skill, and may present these parts in as varied and intricate ways and give them as masterly turns as you are able.
But those who are unwilling to learn it should be told that they deny Christ and are no Christians, neither should they be admitted to the Sacrament, accepted as sponsors at baptism, nor exercise any part of Christian liberty, but should simply be turned back to the Pope and his officials, yea, to the devil himself.
Moreover, their parents and employers should refuse them food and drink, and [they would also do well if they were to] notify them that the prince will drive such rude people from the country, etc. For although we cannot and should not force any one to believe, yet we should insist and urge the people that they know what is right and wrong with those among whom they dwell and wish to make their living.
For whoever desires to reside in a town must know and observe the town laws, the protection of which he wishes to enjoy, no matter whether he is a believer or at heart and in private a rogue or knave. In the second place, after they have well learned the text, then teach them the sense also, so that they know what it means, and again choose the form of these tables, or some other brief uniform method, whichever you like, and adhere to it, and do not change a single syllable, as was just said regarding the text; and take your time to it.
For it is not necessary that you take up all the parts at once, but one after the other. After they understand the First Commandment well, then take up the Second, and so on, otherwise they will be overwhelmed, so as not to be able to retain any well. In the third place, after you have thus taught them this Short Catechism, then take up the Large Catechism, and give them also a richer and fuller knowledge. Here explain at large every commandment, [article,] petition, and part with its various works, uses, benefits, dangers, and injuries, as you find these abundantly stated in many books written about these matters.
And particularly, urge that commandment or part most which suffers the greatest neglect among your people. For instance, the Seventh Commandment, concerning stealing, must be strenuously urged among mechanics and merchants, and even farmers and servants, for among these people many kinds of dishonesty and thieving prevail. So, too, you must urge well the Fourth Commandment among the children and the common people, that they may be quiet and faithful, obedient and peaceable, and you must always adduce many examples from the Scriptures to show how God has punished or blessed such persons.
Especially should you here urge magistrates and parents to rule well and to send their children to school, showing them why it is their duty to do this, and what a damnable sin they are committing if they do not do it. For by such neglect they overthrow and destroy both the kingdom of God and that of the world, acting as the worst enemies both of God and of men.
And make it very plain to them what an awful harm they are doing if they will not help to train children to be pastors, preachers, clerks [also for other offices, with which we cannot dispense in this life], etc. For such preaching is needed. The devil, too, aims at something cruel because of these things [that he may hurl Germany into the greatest distress]. Lastly, since the tyranny of the Pope has been abolished, people are no longer willing to go to the Sacrament and despise it [as something useless and unnecessary].
Here again urging is necessary, however, with this understanding: We are to force no one to believe, or to receive the Sacrament, nor fix any law, nor time, nor place for it, but are to preach in such a manner that of their own accord, without our law, they will urge themselves and, as it were, compel us pastors to administer the Sacrament.
This is done by telling them: Whoever does not seek or desire the Sacrament at least some four times a year, it is to be feared that he despises the Sacrament and is no Christian, just as he is no Christian who does not believe or hear the Gospel; for Christ did not say, This omit, or, This despise, but, This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, etc.
Verily, He wants it done, and not entirely neglected and despised. This do ye, He says. On the other hand, he needs no grace, life, Paradise, heaven, Christ, God, nor anything good. For if he believed that he had so much that is evil, and needed so much that is good, he would not thus neglect the Sacrament, by which such evil is remedied and so much good is bestowed. Neither will it be necessary to force him to the Sacrament by any law, but he will come running and racing of his own accord, will force himself and urge you that you must give him the Sacrament.
Hence, you must not make any law in this matter, as the Pope does. Only set forth clearly the benefit and harm, the need and use, the danger and the blessing, connected with this Sacrament, and the people will come of themselves without your compulsion. But if they do not come, let them go and tell them that such belong to the devil as do not regard nor feel their great need and the gracious help of God.
But if you do not urge this, or make a law or a bane of it, it is your fault if they despise the Sacrament. How could they be otherwise than slothful if you sleep and are silent? Therefore look to it, ye pastors and preachers. Our office is now become a different thing from what it was under the Pope; it is now become serious and salutary. Accordingly, it now involves much more trouble and labor, danger and trials, and, in addition thereto, little reward and gratitude in the world.
But Christ Himself will be our reward if we labor faithfully. To this end may the Father of all grace help us, to whom be praise and thanks forever through Christ, our Lord! The First Commandment. Pierwsze przykazanie. Thou shalt have no other gods. What does this mean? Co to znaczy? The Second Commandment.
Drugie przykazanie. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain. The Third Commandment. Trzecie przykazanie. Thou shalt sanctify the holy-day. The Fourth Commandment. Czwarte przykazanie. Thou shalt honor thy father and thy mother [that it may be well with thee and thou mayest live long upon the earth].
The Fifth Commandment. Thou shalt not kill. The Sixth Commandment. Thou shalt not commit adultery. The Seventh Commandment. Thou shalt not steal. Nie kradnij. The Eighth Commandment. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. The Ninth Commandment. The Tenth Commandment. Therefore we should dread His wrath and not act contrary to these commandments. But He promises grace and every blessing to all that keep these commandments.
Therefore we should also love and trust in Him, and gladly do [zealously and diligently order our whole life] according to His commandments. The Creed Creed As the head of the family should teach it in a simple way to his household. The First Article. Po pierwsze art. Of Creation. I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.
This is most certainly true. The Second Article. Po drugie art. Of Redemption. And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary; suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hell; the third day He rose again from the dead; He ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence He shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
The Third Article. Trzeci art. Of Sanctification. I believe in the Holy Ghost; one holy Christian Church, the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Our Father who art in heaven. The First Petition. Pierwsza Petycja.
Hallowed be Thy name. How is this done? To this end help us, dear Father in heaven.
Category:Luther's Small Catechism
Zoloshicage Enter your Username Email lutrra. Leopold Otto This file is in DjVua computer file format designed primarily to store scanned documents. Polish priest and theologian. This page was last edited on 29 Septemberat Shibbolet Login Shibboleth authentication is only available to registered institutions.
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