KALKA RIVER 1223 PDF

Mstislav the Brave as he was known, was a hero whose reputation exceeded the Russian borders. In Kiev, the metropolis of medieval Russia, the latter described to the Russian princes the martial prowess and ferocity of the Mongols. In the end, the princes decided on a joint campaign against the invaders whom the Russians used to call Tatars. In mid-March the Russian armies began their preparations, and in early April they began gathering in the default starting point of the campaign. Only the southern Russian principalities essentially participated in the campaign. The principalities of Chernigov and Smolensk were involved under the High prince of Chernigov Mstislav Sviatoslavich and his tributary princes of Kursk the renowned 3 Oleg , Putivl and Trubchev.

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Questions or concerns? Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Let us know. Battle of the Kalka River, 31 May During the first Mongol invasion of Russia , an army led by Jebei and Subedei defeated an alliance of Russian princes and the Cuman tribal group along the Kalka River probably the modern Kalchik River in southeastern Ukraine.

The raiders defeated an alliance of Turkic tribes from the steppes, including the Alans , Cherkes, and Kipchaks, then wiped out two armies of Cumans another Turkish tribe ; the few Cuman survivors appealed for help to Russian princes.

The Mongols made a feigned retreat to the east, leaving a rearguard of 1, men to fight under the command of Hamabek; this rearguard was wiped out by an army commanded by Mstislav of Galich, who then pursued the main Mongol force.

After nine days in retreat, the Mongols turned to engage Mstislav on the banks of the Kalka River. They attacked the Russian army head-on and on the flanks, with typical ferocity. The Cumans fled, causing disarray in the Russian ranks, and the Mongols swept through the gap this created. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

Subscribe today Losses: Russian, 20, of 30,; Mongol, very few.

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Kalka River 1223

Mongol invasion of Georgia and battle of Khunan in In January and February , they made a reconnaissance into the Kingdom of Georgia , entering through the Kura River. The goal of the Mongols was not to conquer the country but to plunder it, and the Kurds and Turcoman freebooters were sent off in the vanguard. The Mongols withdrew, but continued to launch counter-attacks on the Georgian army. The Mongols then launched a full-scale attack and defeated the Georgian army, which Richard Gabriel states was made up of 70, men, [16] though the actual size of the force deployed by king George was likely much smaller. By the end of the month, they had captured the city and put most of the population to death.

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Schlacht an der Kalka

See Article History This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Learn more. Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica. Although these articles may currently differ in style from others on the site, they allow us to provide wider coverage of topics sought by our readers, through a diverse range of trusted voices. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected.

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