JUVENILE DELINQUENCY BARTOLLAS PDF

Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. A prevalence B incidence C validity D reliability Answer: D 5 Most information about the number of children appearing before the juvenile court each year comes from what publication of the U. Department of Justice? A cohort study C self-evaluation survey Answer: A D self-report survey 7 Which of the following is a good example of a research study?

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Page number: 28 Level: Basic 2. Which of the following is an oft-cited problem associated with the Uniform Crime Reports? A The statistics reflect official police policy rather than the amount of youth crime. B The reports do not measure clearance by arrest. C The statistics overestimate the actual amount of crime. D The reports are classified and are not made public. Answer: A Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

Page number: 29 Level: Intermediate 3. Page number: 28 Level: Basic 4. A are arrested for less serious offenses B are arrested for Part II offenses C are scheduled for trial after their sixteenth birthday D have a lengthy record of crime Answer: D Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics. Page number: 28 Level: Intermediate 5. Most information about the number of children appearing before the juvenile court each year comes from what publication of the U.

Department of Justice? Page number: 30 Level: Basic 6. A lenient courts B single parents C urban life D more guns in use Answer: D Objective: Explain the correlation between guns and youth violence and the efforts to curb gun use by juveniles. Page number: 45 Level: Intermediate 7. A are brought to the attention of the court B are typically referred back to juvenile authorities C are committed by minorities D are considered as status offenses Answer: A Objective: Compare official and unofficial statistics regarding the extent of juvenile delinquency.

Page number: 31 Level: Intermediate 8. Which of the following is a good example of a longitudinal method of research study? A content analysis B cohort group C survey data D experimental data Answer: B Objective: Explain how various social factors relate to delinquency. A self-evaluation survey B observational study C self-report survey D cohort study Answer: C Objective: Compare official and unofficial statistics regarding the extent of juvenile delinquency.

Page number: 31 Level: Basic Page number: 32 Level: Intermediate A validity B ecological fallacy C spurious association D reliability Answer: A Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics. Page number: 28 Level: Difficult A validity B reliability C ecological fallacy D spurious association Answer: B Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

Page number: 28 Level: Basic Which of the following results from measurements of crime conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and administered by the Census Bureau? Page number: 34 Level: Basic Page number: 35 Level: Intermediate Page number: 30 Level: Basic According to studies based on official statistics, who is more likely to be overrepresented in arrest, conviction, and incarceration relative to their population base?

Page number: 37 Level: Intermediate What is the term for the repeated involvement of a juvenile in one type of delinquency during the course of his or her offending? A specialization B modeling C imitation D copying Answer: A Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course.

Page number: 42 Level: Basic Page number: 43 Level: Intermediate Which of the following is NOT one of the three population groups Alfred Blumstein identified in his classic study? A persisters B anti-socials C amateurs D innocents Answer: B Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course.

A poverty B prior criminal behavior C poor education D peer relations Answer: B Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course. Page number: 43 Level: Basic What does the term incidence of delinquency refer to? A the frequency of offending or the number of delinquent events B the person who committed the crime C the place where the crime occurred D the time of the crime Answer: A Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

Page number: 27 Level: Intermediate What does the term prevalence of delinquency refer to? A the time of the crime B the place where the crime occurred C the person who committed the crime D the number of young people involved in delinquent behavior Answer: D Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

What is the termination of a delinquent career or behavior called? A de-escalation B desistance C rehabilitation D age of onset Answer: B Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course. Page number: 41 Level: Intermediate A 2, 6 B 8, 7 C 3, 5 D 6, 2 Answer: D Objective: Explain the correlation between guns and youth violence and the efforts to curb gun use by juveniles.

Page number: 46 Level: Intermediate Answer: True Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

Page number: 27 Level: Basic 2. The Uniform Crime Reporting Program no longer publishes a printed copy of annual crime data. Page number: 27 Level: Intermediate 3.

According to the UCR Program, juvenile murder rates increased greatly between and Answer: False Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics. Page number: 29 Level: Difficult 4.

According to Blumstein, one of the factors that distinguish chronic offenders is having a convicted sibling. Answer: True Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course. Page number: 43 Level: Difficult 5. One of the most important objectives of compiling juvenile court statistics is to furnish an index of the general nature and extent of the problems brought before the juvenile court.

Answer: True Objective: Describe the purpose, procedures, and findings of juvenile court statistics. Page number: 31 Level: Difficult 6. The number of children appearing before the juvenile court significantly decreased from the late s until the mid s.

Answer: False Objective: Describe the purpose, procedures, and findings of juvenile court statistics. Page number: 30 Level: Intermediate 7. Self-report studies are good for determining hidden delinquency. Answer: True Objective: Compare official and unofficial statistics regarding the extent of juvenile delinquency.

Self-report studies are often challenged with regard to questionable validity and reliability. Page number: 32 Level: Basic 9. Answer: False Objective: Describe the purpose, procedures, and findings of victimization studies. Page number: 34 Level: Intermediate Victimization surveys do not add much significance to what is known about crime in the United States.

Page number: 34 Level: Difficult The racial threat hypothesis holds that a larger racial minority population causes the majority to feel threatened and thus to use stronger social control measures. Answer: True Objective: Explain how various social factors relate to delinquency. Page number: 38 Level: Basic Gun assaults were not a primary contributing factor in homicide death rates of males thirteen to seventeen years old in the s. Answer: False Objective: Explain the correlation between guns and youth violence and the efforts to curb gun use by juveniles.

Page number: 45 Level: Intermediate Fill in the Blank: Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Answer: cohort Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics.

Page number: 27 Level: Intermediate 2. Answer: Clearance by arrest Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics. Page number: 28 Level: Basic 3. Answer: hidden delinquency Objective: Compare official and unofficial statistics regarding the extent of juvenile delinquency. Page number: 32 Level: Basic 4. Answer: age of onset Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course.

Page number: 41 Level: Basic 5. Answer: Chronic youthful Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course. Page number: 43 Level: Basic 6. Answer: Desistance Objective: Summarize the measurements used to explain individual changes in offending across the life course. Page number: 41 Level: Intermediate 7.

Answer: reliability Objective: Summarize the types of information provided by each major source of delinquency statistics. Page number: 28 Level: Basic 8. Answer: simple assaults Objective: Describe the purpose, procedures, and findings of juvenile court statistics.

Page number: 30 Level: Intermediate 9. Answer: twelve Objective: Describe the purpose, procedures, and findings of victimization studies. Page number: 35 Level: Basic

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