Pulse was hosting a "Latin Night," and thus, most of the victims were Hispanic. At the time, it was the deadliest mass shooting by a single shooter in the U. In Terrorist Assemblages, Jasbir Puar sustains that "sexual deviance is linked to the process of discerning, othering, and quarantining terrorist bodies, but these racially and sexually perverse figures also labor in the service of disciplining and normalizing subjects worthy of rehabilitation away from these bodies, in other words, signaling and enforcing the mandatory terms of patriotism. Puar states that de alignment with the nationalist discourses against terrorist groups and countries serves the purpose of strengthening the American nationalist projects across the political spectrum: "I argue that the Orientalist invocation of the terrorist is one discursive tactic that disaggregates U. For contemporary forms of U.
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Pulse was hosting a "Latin Night," and thus, most of the victims were Hispanic. At the time, it was the deadliest mass shooting by a single shooter in the U. In Terrorist Assemblages, Jasbir Puar sustains that "sexual deviance is linked to the process of discerning, othering, and quarantining terrorist bodies, but these racially and sexually perverse figures also labor in the service of disciplining and normalizing subjects worthy of rehabilitation away from these bodies, in other words, signaling and enforcing the mandatory terms of patriotism.
Puar states that de alignment with the nationalist discourses against terrorist groups and countries serves the purpose of strengthening the American nationalist projects across the political spectrum: "I argue that the Orientalist invocation of the terrorist is one discursive tactic that disaggregates U. For contemporary forms of U. Several reports emerging after the shooting declared this the Most reports on the Pulse shooting have described it as the largest mass shooting in US history.
Furthermore, critiques of this misleading attribution have noted that "death tolls Army or settlers in the American West. Venezia argues that the responses to the Pulse shooting strengthen and protect not only the image of the state but its officials. This hypocrisy often strengthens their public image, making it even more difficult to gain allies, counter injustice, and secure equal rights and protections.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message The responses of the presidential frontrunners in the United States presidential election are evidence of the homonationalist sentiment that emerged after the shooting. The Republican and the Democrat leading candidates both responded a few days after the tragedy by delivering speeches addressing national security.
Donald Trump and other Republicans embraced this sentiment in their response to the shooting to argue that they were supporters of LGBT rights because of their support for immigration restrictions aimed at Muslims. A radical Islamic terrorist targeted the nightclub, not only because he wanted to kill Americans, but in order to execute gay and lesbian citizens, because of their sexual orientation.
No good. As your president, I will do everything in my power to protect our LGBTQ citizens from the violence and oppression of a hateful foreign ideology.
She othered these Muslim majority countries by describing heinous acts directed against the LGBTQ population: "The Orlando terrorist may be dead, but the virus that poisoned his mind remains very much alive. And we must attack it with clear eyes, steady hands, unwavering determination and pride in our country and our values. They are slaughtering Muslims who refuse to accept their medieval ways. They are beheading civilians, including executing LGBT people.
They are murdering Americans and Europeans, enslaving, torturing and raping women and girls. And an attack on any American is an attack on all Americans. While Clinton promised to terminate Islamic terrorism by attacking its origins, this would only mean that as an elected official she would be furthering the U. In their respective speeches, the bodies of the fallen queer people in the Pulse tragedy had been used by both presidential candidates as ammunition to strengthen the sense of urgency for their own political national projects.
Please help improve it by rewriting it in an encyclopedic style. July Learn how and when to remove this template message Homonationalism is often paired together with pinkwashing as it happens with the discourse surrounding the Israeli occupation of Palestine.
One of the most pungent discussions regarding homonationalism is how the State of Israel is proclaiming itself as a defender and advocate of gay rights as an excuse to justify the occupation of Palestine. In her article in the New York Times, Sarah Schulman posits that "the Israeli government began a marketing campaign, "Brand Israel," aimed at men ages 18 to The campaign, as reported by The Jewish Daily Forward, sought to depict Israel as "relevant and modern.
She claims that: "depictions of immigrants—usually Muslims of Arab, South Asian, Turkish or African origin—as "homophobic fanatics" opportunistically ignore the existence of Muslim gays and their allies within their communities. They also render invisible the role that fundamentalist Christians, the Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Jews play in perpetuating fear and even hatred of gays. And that cynical message has now spread from its roots in European xenophobia to become a potent tool in the long-running Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
As a queer, you have the right to love and have sex with whomever you choose safely and without discrimination, but you do not have the right to be un-occupied, or to be free from oppression based on your political beliefs, actions, and affiliations. As long as it is Arabo-Islamic culture and its manifestation through Palestinian law that is oppressing you, we are here for you.
As long as you confine your politics to your sexuality, and you speak as a queer subaltern in a language of rights that we understand because we wrote it we are here for you. Pinkwashing only makes sense as a political strategy within a discourse of Islamophobia and Arabophobia, and it is part of a larger project to anchor all politics within the axis of identity, and identitarian and identifiable groups. Thus critics of pinkwashing who assume an international queer camaraderie repeat a central tenet of homonationalism: homosexuals should be in solidarity with and empathize with each other because they are homosexual.
Moreover, homophobia could be a less defining experience than say, the racism experienced by an African American queer or a Syrian queer protesting against authoritarianism and neoliberal market restructuring. In fact, the experience of homophobia as the primary discrimination one faces in life is usually the mark of an otherwise privileged existence. For the majority of the people of the world, oppression, to paraphrase Edward Said on culture, is contrapuntual. It moves, is multi-directional, it is adaptive, and it forms a terrain of interconnected injustices.
Mikdashi ends her argument by calling for efforts "to critically inhabit this homonational world and try, always, to act within the uncomfortable and precarious line between rights and justice.
Academic career[ edit ] Puar has an M. Her focus is on terrorist corporealities in opposition to "normative patriot bodies", and she argues that "discourses of counterterrorism are intrinsically gendered, raced, sexualized, and nationalized". Through an analysis of the American response to the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse in , she contends that contemporary discourses of Muslim sexuality only mask and reproduce an underlying belief in American exceptionalism. She also rearticulates the body of the suicide bomber as "a queer assemblage that resists queerness-as-sexual-identity", a force with the power to converge, implode, and rearrange time, space, and body.
Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times
Understanding Homonationalism: Why Are There Gay People Supporting Trump?