AXIS FORCES IN NORTH AFRICA 1940-43 PDF

However, this latest volume in the popular Warriors series from Concord goes a long way to remedying the situation. Not only are Italian forces covered, but German subjects also receive good exposure too, adding to the value of this book. This volume is unique - it makes a departure from the usual format of Warriors books in that it features a much larger number of color plates. In fact, there are no less than 44 color plates contained between the covers! This makes "Axis Forces in North Africa " an indispensable reference for modelers and military enthusiasts wanting a comprehensive understanding of Italian and German uniforms in the North African theater.

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After several days of confused tank battles around Sidi Rezegh, Rommel advanced towards the Egyptian frontier, hoping to cut off the British.

The Germans had outrun their fuel supplies and their attack ground to a halt, enabling the British to drive them back. Tobruk was relieved on 7 December and Rommel was forced to fall back on El Agheila. He replaced Lieutenant-General Alan Cunningham. In January Rommel attacked again. The British were overextended and had not replaced their earlier losses. Rommel was able to advance beyond Benghazi. Gazala and Tobruk From early February to late May Rommel was halted by the heavily mined British defensive line, which ran from Gazala in the north to Bir Hacheim in the south.

At the end of May the Germans launched a fresh offensive and, after two weeks of heavy fighting, broke through. They captured Tobruk and pushed the British back into Egypt. Through Alexander he also ensured that his army was properly supplied. In late August Rommel made a last effort to break through but short of fuel and supplies, was repulsed at Alam Halfa. For nearly two months Montgomery continued to train and re-equip his army. He knows how to win the loyalty of his men and has a great flair for raising morale.

He was ready to mount an offensive of his own. On the night of 24 October , under cover of a gun barrage, the 8th Army attacked the Axis positions. After ten days of bitter attritional fighting, the heavily defended German line was breached. By March the 8th Army had taken Tripoli and crossed into Tunisia.

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North African campaign

Two days later, no invasion having been launched, Mussolini ordered Marshal Graziani that, the moment German forces launched Operation Sea Lion , he was to attack. The battle plan was to advance along the coastal road, while limited armoured forces operated on the desert flank. Positioned on the desert flank was the 7th Armoured Division , which would strike the flank of the Italian force. Although desperate attempts were made to overcome the British force at the Battle of Beda Fomm , the Italians were unable to break through, and the remnants of the retreating army surrendered. Thus, over the course of 10 weeks Allied forces had destroyed the Italian Tenth Army and reached El Agheila, taking , prisoners of war in the process.

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Operation Torch

However, this latest volume in the popular Warriors series from Concord goes a long way to remedying the situation. Not only are Italian forces covered, but German subjects also receive good exposure too, adding to the value of this book. This volume is unique - it makes a departure from the usual format of Warriors books in that it features a much larger number of color plates. In fact, there are no less than 44 color plates contained between the covers! This makes "Axis Forces in North Africa " an indispensable reference for modelers and military enthusiasts wanting a comprehensive understanding of Italian and German uniforms in the North African theater.

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Axis forces in north africa 1940-43

With British forces advancing from Egypt, this would eventually allow the Allies to carry out a pincer operation against Axis forces in North Africa. The Vichy French had around , soldiers in the territories as well as coastal artillery, operational but out-of-date tanks and about aircraft, half of which were Dewoitine D. The French were former members of the Allies and the American troops were instructed not to fire unless they were fired upon. An assessment of the sympathies of the French forces in North Africa was essential, and plans were made to secure their cooperation, rather than resistance. German support for the Vichy French came in the shape of air support. Several Luftwaffe bomber wings undertook anti-shipping strikes against Allied ports in Algiers and along the North African coast.

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