ASTM D4945 PDF

More D Force and velocity are typically derived from measured strain and acceleration. The Engineer may analyze the acquired data using engineering principles and judgment to evaluate the integrity of the pile, the performance of the impact system, and the maximum compressive and tensile stresses occurring in the pile. The Engineer should determine how the size and shape of the pile, and the properties of the soil or rock beneath and adjacent to the pile, affect the amount of movement required to fully mobilize the static capacity. A permanent net penetration of as little as 2 mm per impact may indicate that sufficient movement has occurred during the impact event to fully mobilize the capacity. However, high displacement driven piles may require greater movement to avoid under predicting the static capacity, and cast-in-place piles often require a larger cumulative permanent net penetration for a series of test blows to fully mobilize the capacity.

Author:Taujar Vot
Country:Suriname
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Sex
Published (Last):21 November 2018
Pages:249
PDF File Size:5.68 Mb
ePub File Size:4.16 Mb
ISBN:992-5-98967-998-7
Downloads:77671
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Kagacage



More D Force and velocity are typically derived from measured strain and acceleration. The Engineer may analyze the acquired data using engineering principles and judgment to evaluate the integrity of the pile, the performance of the impact system, and the maximum compressive and tensile stresses occurring in the pile. The Engineer should determine how the size and shape of the pile, and the properties of the soil or rock beneath and adjacent to the pile, affect the amount of movement required to fully mobilize the static capacity.

A permanent net penetration of as little as 2 mm per impact may indicate that sufficient movement has occurred during the impact event to fully mobilize the capacity. However, high displacement driven piles may require greater movement to avoid under predicting the static capacity, and cast-in-place piles often require a larger cumulative permanent net penetration for a series of test blows to fully mobilize the capacity.

Static capacity may also decrease or increase over time after the pile installation, and both static and dynamic tests represent the capacity at the time of the respective test. Correlations between measured ultimate axial static compression capacity and dynamic test estimates generally improve when using dynamic restrike tests that account for soil strength changes with time see 6. Additional transducers embedded near the pile toe may also help improve tension capacity estimates.

If the Engineer does not have adequate previous experience for the specific site and pile type with the analysis of dynamic test data for tension capacity, then a static load test carried out according to Test Method D should be used to verify tension capacity estimates. Test Method D provides a direct and more reliable measurement of static tension capacity. Users of this test method are cautioned that compliance with Practice D does not in itself assure reliable results.

Reliable results depend on many factors; Practice D provides a means of evaluating some of those factors. Scope 1. Plans, specifications, or provisions or combinations thereof prepared by a qualified engineer may provide additional requirements and procedures as needed to satisfy the objectives of a particular test program. A qualified engineer should directly supervise the acquisition of field data and the interpretation of the test results so as to predict the actual performance and adequacy of deep foundations used in the constructed foundation.

A qualified engineer shall approve the apparatus used for applying the impact force, driving appurtenances, test rigging, hoist equipment, support frames, templates, and test procedures.

These notes and footnotes excluding those in tables and figures shall not be considered as requirements of the standard. Imperative sentences indicate mandatory provisions. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

Reporting of test results in units other than SI shall not be regarded as nonconformance with this test method. In addition, they are representative of the significant digits that should generally be retained. It is beyond the scope of this standard to consider significant digits used in analysis methods for engineering design.

It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific precautionary statement, see Note 4.

EL ELOGIO DE LA LOCURA ERASMO DE ROTTERDAM PDF

ASTM D4945

More D Scope 1. Plans, specifications, or provisions or combinations thereof prepared by a qualified engineer may provide additional requirements and procedures as needed to satisfy the objectives of a particular test program. A qualified engineer should directly supervise the acquisition of field data and the interpretation of the test results so as to predict the actual performance and adequacy of deep foundations used in the constructed foundation. A qualified engineer shall approve the apparatus used for applying the impact force, driving appurtenances, test rigging, hoist equipment, support frames, templates, and test procedures. These notes and footnotes excluding those in tables and figures shall not be considered as requirements of the standard.

DHSS LINE DANCE PDF

.

CHERISHED MAYA BANKS LAUREN DANE PDF

.

DESCARGAR CADENA CRITICA GOLDRATT PDF

.

Related Articles