It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April , after the invasion by the Axis powers. In both roles he was responsible for the massacre of Bosnian Serbs and Jews. He died of wounds inflicted when he was captured by Partisans near Slunj in the Kordun region when his aircraft crash-landed there in late December He served as commandant of the Jasenovac concentration camp on several occasions and was responsible for various atrocities committed there during the war.
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It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April , after the invasion by the Axis powers. In both roles he was responsible for the massacre of Bosnian Serbs and Jews.
He died of wounds inflicted when he was captured by Partisans near Slunj in the Kordun region when his aircraft crash-landed there in late December He served as commandant of the Jasenovac concentration camp on several occasions and was responsible for various atrocities committed there during the war. He fled Yugoslavia in May and sought refuge in Austria. In , he returned to Yugoslavia with the intention of starting an anti-communist uprising. He was soon arrested by Yugoslav authorities and charged with war crimes.
Having participated in the Velebit uprising in , he joined the Royal Italian Army and returned to Croatia following the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April Nothing is known of what happened to him afterwards, and it was rumoured that he was either killed in Podravina in , died fighting with the Crusaders in Herzegovina in , or, less likely, emigrated to the United States via Argentina, joined the United States Army and fought Communist forces in the Korean War.
Jerome in Rome. The Persecution of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia, also known as the Genocide of the Serbs included the extermination, expulsion and forced religious conversion of hundreds of thousands ethnic Serbs by the genocidal policies of the Ustashe regime in the Independent State of Croatia NDH between and , during World War II. The Ustashe regime systematically murdered approximately , to , Serbs out of whom up to 52, died at the Jasenovac concentration camp, according to current estimates.
The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia refers primarily to the genocide of Jews, but sometimes also include that of Serbs and Romani Porajmos , during World War II within the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state ruled by the Ustashe regime, that included most of the territory of modern-day Croatia, the whole of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina and the eastern part of Syrmia Serbia.
This short-lived camp was founded in April for women and children. The Lobor concentration camp or Loborgrad camp was a concentration camp established in Lobor, Independent State of Croatia in the deserted palace of Keglevich family. It was established on 9 August , mostly for Serb and Jewish children and women. Its inmates were subjected to systematic torture, robbery and murder of "undisciplined" individuals. All younger female inmates of the Lobor camp were subjected to rapes. More than 2, people were inmates of this camp, at least died in it.
All survived children and women were transported to Auschwitz concentration camp in August where they all were killed. The camp was established on 1 December mainly for Jewish women and children, including some Serb girls. It was operational until its disestablishment on 7 July Around 3, women and children were its inmates and subjected to beatings, rapes, dog attacks and death from sickness and starvation. At least women and children died in it. The first group was arrested on Mount Papuk.
UDBA then launched Operation Gvardijan to lure escaped Ustashas through sending false messages, during which a total of 19 Ustasha groups were arrested. The arrested Ustashas were tried in August and most of them were sentenced to death, while others were sent to prison for a longer period. Retrieved 27 December London: Pluto Press. War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, — Occupation and Collaboration. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Ustashi Crimes of Genocide.
But it is with a certain glare that was celebrated in February in Croatia the th birthday of Ciliga, presented as a "patriot" and a "worthy child of the country", who was personally honorated in by the General-President Tudjman Croatia Weekly, Zagreb, March 26, Ante Ciliga - to pronounce Tsiliga - became the emblematic figure of the opposition to Stalinism and to the Bolshevik system of State capitalism, set up by Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin, by his major book: In the country of the great lie. For generations of militants coming from the opposition to Stalinism, and also for the historians of the labour movement, the name of Ciliga evokes the irreducible fight of a Left Marxist Opposition to Stalinism, as of the Thirties, at the time where the few voices which rose in the workers and intellectual circles faithful to the principles of the humanistic socialism of Marx were covered by the Stalinist and democratic campaigns praising the extraordinary results of "socialism in one country". Well before at the time of the Cold war, a lot of people "discovered " the reality of the USSR, by the testimony of Khravchenko and others, and that then, with the historical wear of Stalinism, "the fellow travellers" change into virulent adversaries of "Communism ", a voice had resonated which, to the left of Stalinism and Trotskyism, denounced the system of State capitalism set up by Lenin and Trotsky, and completed by Stalin and his regime. To point out this historical context should not however exempt to give a true biography of Ciliga.
The Kronstadt Revolt - Ante Ciliga
Istria was then the Austrian Littoral now in Croatia. The contingencies of history were such that Ciliga, Croat by language and culture, was successively an Austrian citizen until , then an Italian citizen until Coming from a family of Croat peasants, his grandfather shared with the young boy "the interest which he showed in Croatian culture and in the struggles for national emancipation directed against the urban Italian bourgeoisie and the Germano-Austrian administration". After moving to Vienna in as the local representative of the KPJ, he settled in the Soviet Union, where he lived from October to December