Naturally, they wanted to give Alex a good education. It is not surprising that scientific activities Alexei Leontiev originates in his student years. Chelpanov led in those years the Institute of Psychology at Moscow State University, leading a group of students for research work. It is within the walls of this university Aleksei Nikolaevich were written the first scientific work - essay "The Doctrine of the ideal James-omotornyh acts" and the work of Spencer. After graduation, Alexey became a graduate student of the Institute of Psychology. And soon they began their collaboration, because these three people with extraordinary abilities quickly found a common language, and their union foreshadowed many useful things.
|Country:||Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Published (Last):||7 November 2008|
|PDF File Size:||7.91 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.21 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Naturally, they wanted to give Alex a good education. It is not surprising that scientific activities Alexei Leontiev originates in his student years. Chelpanov led in those years the Institute of Psychology at Moscow State University, leading a group of students for research work. It is within the walls of this university Aleksei Nikolaevich were written the first scientific work - essay "The Doctrine of the ideal James-omotornyh acts" and the work of Spencer. After graduation, Alexey became a graduate student of the Institute of Psychology.
And soon they began their collaboration, because these three people with extraordinary abilities quickly found a common language, and their union foreshadowed many useful things. But, unfortunately, this activity was lost. Lev Semenovich Vygotsky died. In such a short period of working together the results of their activities were still impressive.
Leontiev himself further developed the idea and implemented it in an article titled "Experience of structural analysis of associative chain series.
But this development has not been worthy of recognition. With his wife he met in , when he was 26 years old. After briefly dating they were married.
His wife never let scientific activity Alexei Leontiev, on the contrary, helped and supported him in the most difficult moments. Leontief interests lie in various areas of psychology: the psychology of creative activity to experimental human perception of objectivity. And the need to find a completely new approach to the subject and content of psychophysiological research, emerging now from the general system of psychological knowledge, Alexei Leontiev addressed many times.
At the end of is born his famous "cultural-historical concept," which was based on the well-known formula, LS Vygotsky SXR, where S - stimulus motive; X - means; R - the result of activity. And Rossolimo and Defectology Institute. Around Health Committee of Ukraine has decided to organize a Ukrainian psycho-neurological institute sector psychology, where A Luria temporarily took over as manager, and AN Leontiev - head of the department of child and genetic psychology.
Consequently, the work took on Leontiev, who later became the leader of the Ukrainian group of psychologists. Developing more and more new projects, Alexei Leontiev published the book "Activity. Personality, "where defends his view that man is not simply align itself with the external conditions of society, and the same conditions of society bear the motives and goals of its activities.
Parallel AN Leontiev begins work on the problem of mental development - namely, research extrapolation reflexes in animal species. The institute, he is addressing the issue of skin photosensitivity. He collaborates with the SM Eisenstein and conducts experimental study of perception of motion pictures.
In the prewar years, he became head of the psychology department at Leningrad State Pedagogical Institute. NK Krupskaya. In the second half of the s. Leontiev developed the following problems: a the phylogenetic development of the mind, and in particular the genesis of sensitivity.
A Herzen in was included in the thesis only part of the results of his research but totally Leontief this work has not survived. Dissertation contains articles devoted, in particular, memory, perception, emotion, will and arbitrariness. There is also a chapter entitled "Activity-deistvie-operation", which provides a basic conceptual system deyatelnostnoi psychological theory. According to Leontiev, the activity is inseparable from the object of his need, and to master the subject must focus on those properties that have been vital in themselves indifferent, but closely linked to other vitally important properties of objects, ie "Signal" of the presence or absence of the latter.
Thus, due to the fact that the activity of the animal acquires substantive in nature, occurs in embryonic form-specific form of mental reflection - reflection of the object with the properties, it is vitally important, and the properties of them help signal sensitivity AN Leontiev defines respectively as against irritability to this kind of stress, the body that correlate with other actions, ie that orient the living creature in the subject content of its activities, performing signaling function.
Leontiev undertaking a study to test the hypothesis put forward by them.
Dieses Konzept wurde im Anschluss von einer Gruppe von Psychologen um Leontjew, die sogenannte Charkower Schule der Psychologie, in den 30er Jahren des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts ausgearbeitet und weiterentwickelt. Sprache , Skizzen , Formeln der Organisation menschlichen Verhaltens. Beide Begriffe spielen in dem psychologischen Ansatz der kulturhistorischen Schule eine unterschiedliche Rolle, daher sind sie nicht synonym verwendbar. Sie kann dabei aber nur verstanden werden im Kontext mit bedeutungsvollen, zielorientierten und soziologisch relevanten Interaktionen zwischen Menschen und ihrer materialisierten Umgebung.
Alexéi Nikoláevich Leóntiev